Conflict Urbanism : ARCH A4890 - 3 Credits
Laura Kurgan, Professor of Architecture
Office Hours by Appointment
CSR TA, Nadine Fattaleh
Office Hours Monday 9am - 11am or by Appointment
Technical Assistance Hours TBD
Conflict Urbanism as a term designates not simply that conflict that take place in cities, but also that conflict is a structuring principle of cities, as a way of inhabiting and creating urban space. The theme is topical in light of the increasing urbanization of warfare and the policing and surveillance of everyday life, however, conflict is not limited to war and violence. Cities are not only destroyed but also built through conflict. Our seminar will look at the ways in which cities have long been arenas of friction, difference, and dissidence, as well as the ways in which their irreducibly conflictual character manifests itself in everything from neighborhood borders, to differences of opinion and status, to ordinary encounters on the street. Student work in Conflict Urbanism will take place through a single city or by comparing a series of cities examining the role conflicts of all sorts play in the making and remaking of cities around the world. Conflicts can (and should) be investigated with maps and data, but they often turn out to be propelled or propagated by them as well. Bringing humanistic inquiry together with spatial data and basic mapping techniques will allow us to produce powerful representations as well as challenge conventional narratives of cities and conflict today. Cities will be “seen” through a number of lenses including: mass incarceration, infrapolitics, urbanization of war, language ecology, migration(political, economic and climate), debt, algorithms and surveillance.
Methods and Course Requirements: Students will be required to read assigned texts and discuss these in seminars each week. For a semester long project, work will be multi-media. Each project will center around critical and counter cartographies: mapping as a creative and analytic research tool. For the final assignment, students will create a map(web-based or a series of static images) as well as written reflections, incorporating analogue as well as digital media. (see Mapping Labs below)
Midterm, Final, and Presentations: The midterm will be in the form of a written project proposal where students will have an opportunity to get feedback on their a. The project idea, b. methodology, c. a data collection or analysis plan. Near the end of the semester, students will present the results of their work and specific plans for their final projects. These presentations are an integral component of the course as they give students an opportunity to share their findings and explain the decisions they made both in data collection and presentation. This is also an opportunity for students give and receive feedback before the final project is submitted. The final project will be submitted after the presentations, and be a combination of writing and maps in which students share qualitative and quantitative information about their chosen neighborhood.
To support your work on your final projects for this course there are a number of resources available:
For students who have already taken Geographic Information Systems (or an equivalent course), there are tutorials on methods using open source QGIS software, and web-based mapping. Please familiarize yourself with the topics and methods in the tutorials listed below, especially tutorial 6.
If you have not taken Geographic Information Systems, then this class works in tandem with:
A4407-1, Methods in Spatial Research, Instructor Dare Brawley
Note: You may enroll in this course for 1.5 credits, or you many audit the class.
This session A course will introduce key concepts related to work with geographic information systems, and critical mapping. It will meet for six sessions with the following topics. Each session has an associated tutorial to be completed outside of class:
- Introduction to Critical GIS + Spatial Data Types
- Cartographic Projections + Mapping Existing Datasets
- Making Data from Archives
- Making Data From Observation & Sensing
- Making Data from Satellites / Intro to Spatial Analysis
- Maps & Narrative / Portfolio Presentations
Grading Breakdown – Graduate and Undergraduate
Technological skill is not factored into the grade
50% Final project
This course is part of a multi-year research theme in Conflict Urbanism being undertaken by the Center for Spatial Research(CSR). See past work at c4sr.columbia.edu.
Week 1: January 13: Introduction
Week 2: January 20: Cities
Neil Brenner, “Theses on Urbanization,” Public Culture 25, no. 1 (January 2013): 85–114
Ananya Roy, “The 21st-Century Metropolis: New Geographies of Theory,” Regional Studies 43, no. 6 (July 2009): 819–830
Hillary Angelo and David Wachsmuth, “Urbanizing Urban Political Ecology: A Critique of Methodological Cityism,” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 39, no. 1 (January 2015): 16–27.
David Wachsmuth, “City as Ideology: Reconciling the Explosion of the City Form with the Tenacity of the City Concept,” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 32, no. 1 (February 1, 2014): 87
Tutorial 1: Introduction to Critical GIS + Spatial Data Types
Week 3: January 27: Conflict
Latour, Bruno. “From Realpolitik to Dingpolitik or How to Make Things Public.” Making Things Public: Atmospheres of Democracy, by Bruno Latour and Peter Weibel, 4-31. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2005.
Harvey, David. Right to the City, New Left Review 53, September-October, 2008. http://newleftreview.org/II/53/david-harvey-the-right-to-the-city
Rao, Vyjayanthi V. Beneath the Tent of a Horizonless Sky, in Conditions Series, e-flux architecture, November 05 2019:
Tutorial 2: Cartographic Projections + Mapping Existing Datasets
Week 4: February 03 : Maps and Data
Rob Kitchin, Chris Perkins and Martin Dodge. Thinking about maps in Rethinking Maps: New Frontiers in cartographic theory, Routledge, 2009. pg.1-25
Harley, J. B. “Deconstructing the Map.” Cartographica; North York 26, no. 2 (Summer 1989): 1.
Kim, Annette. “Critical Carography Primer,” Sidewalk City: Remapping Public Space in Ho Chi Min City. University of Chicago Press, 2015 pp. 133-169
Wilson, Mabel O., “The Cartography of W.E.B. Du Bois’s Color Line,” in W.E.B. Du Bois’s Data Portraits: Visualizing Black America, Princeton Architectural Press, 2018 pp 37-51.
Hall, Peter, Critical Visualization, Design and the Elastic Mind, MoMA, 2008. 120-133
Kim, Annette. “Looking Again: Power and Critical Cartography,” Sidewalk City: Remapping Public Space in Ho Chi Min City. University of Chicago Press, 2015 pp. 72-98
Kim, Annette. “Mapping the Unmapped: Mixed Use Sidewalk Spaces,” Sidewalk City: Remapping Public Space in Ho Chi Min City. University of Chicago Press, 2015 pp. 100-169
Wilson, Matthew W. (2011). Data matter(s): legitimacy, coding, and qualifications-of-life. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space no. 29 (5):857-872.
Tutorial 3: Making Data from Archives
Week 5: February 10: Spatial Inequality | Mass Incarceration
Alexander, Michelle, The New Jim Crow, The New Press, 2010, Introduction pp 1-19
Kurgan, Laura, Million Dollar Blocks, in Close up at a Distance, Zone Books, 2013 pp 187-207
Recommended Reading: Alexander, Michelle, The New Jim Crow, The New Press, 2010, Chapter 3, The Color of Justice pp 97-140
Tutorial 4: Making Data From Observation & Sensing
Week 6: Feb 17: Infrapolitics
Larkin, Brian. “The Politics and Poetics of Infrastructure,” Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol 32 (2013)
Scott, James, InfraPolitics and Mobilizations: An Afterward
Simone, A.M “People as Infrastructure: Intersecting Fragments in Johannesburg.”
Public Culture, Volume 16, Number 3, Fall 2004, pp. 407-429
Tutorial 5: Making Data from Satellites / Intro to Spatial Analysis
Week 7: Feb 24: Urbanization of Warfare. MIDTERM: Proposal for final project due.
Graham, Stephen (2003). Lessons in Urbicide. New Left Review, 19, 63–77.
Kurgan et el. Patterns of Damage, Beyond Winning the War, Ways of Knowing Cities, Columbia Books on Architecture and the City, 2019, 94-120
Weizman, Eyal. “Urban Warfare: Walking Through Walls.” In Hollow Land: Israel’s Architecture of Occupation, 185-218. London: Verso, 2007.
Ramadan, Adam. “Destroying Nahr el-Bared: Sovereignty and urbicide in the space of exception.” In Political Geography 28 (2009) 153–163
Tutorial 6: Maps & Narrative / Portfolio Presentations
Week 8: March 03: SPRING BREAK
Week 9: March 10: Language Ecologies
In Class Github Tutorial: Nadine Fattaleh
Liu, Lydia “Scripts in Motion:Writing as ImperialTechnology, Past and Present.” PMLA 130:2 375-383
Nettle, D., & Romaine, S. (2000). Chapter 4 - The Ecology of Language. In Vanishing Voices: The Extinction of the World’s Languages, 78-98.
Maffi, Luisa (2001). Language, Knowledge, and Indigenous Heritage Rights. In On Biocultural Diversity. Smithsonian Institution Press, 412-432.
Nettle, D., & Romaine, S. (2000). Chapter 2 - A World of Diversity. In Vanishing Voices: The Extinction of the World’s Languages. Oxford University Press on Demand, 26-49.
Week 10: Mar 17: Migration (Economic, Political, Climate)
Casas-Cortes, Maribel, Corbarrubias, Sebastian, A War on Mobility: The Border Empire Strikes Back, in Ways of Knowing Cities, Kurgan, Brawley eds. Pp 176-191
Gemenne, Francois, The Anthropocene and its Victims, in Hamilton, Clive, ed. The Anthropocene and the Global Environmental Crisis: Rethinking modernity in a new epoch Routledge Environmental Humanities, 2015 pp 168-175
Sending money home: Worldwide remittance flows to developing countries, IFAD Publication 2006. https://www.microfinancegateway.org/sites/default/files/mfg-en-paper-sending-money-home-worldwide-remittance-flows-to-developing-and-transition-countries-nov-2007.pdf
Lopez, S. L. (2015). Migrant Metropolis: Remittance urbanism in the United States. In The remittance landscape: spaces of migration in rural Mexico and urban USA, (pp. 201-248). University of Chicago Press.
Heller, Charles, Pezzani, Lorenzo, Left to Die Boat, Forensis: The Architecture of Public Truth Forensic Architecture, Sternberg Press, pp 637-695
Watch: Exit (20 minute flat rendition of 40 minute 360 immersive projection) Commissioned by Fondation Cartier, Paris. Authors, Virilio, Diller Scofidio + Renfro, Mark Hansen, Laura Kurgan, Ben Rubin, in collaboration with Robert Gerard Pietrusko and Stewart Smith - 2008-2015
Project Description Link: http://c4sr.columbia.edu/projects/exit
Week 11: March 24: Student Presentation
Week 12: March 31: Student Presentation
Week 13: April 07: Student Presentation
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